Jade Plant

The Jade Plant, scientifically known as Crassula ovate, is a popular succulent houseplant cherished for its attractive appearance, ease of care, and symbolic meaning of prosperity and good luck. Here’s some information about the Jade Plant:

The Jade Plant features thick, fleshy, oval-shaped leaves that are glossy and vibrant green. The leaves are usually smooth and plump, growing in opposite pairs along the branches. The plant has a thick, woody stem that gives it a tree-like appearance as it matures. With proper care, the Jade Plant can grow up to 3 feet (90 cm) in height.

Propagation: Jade Plants can be easily propagated through stem cuttings or leaf cuttings. Stem cuttings can be taken from the plant and dried before being planted in well-draining soil. Leaf cuttings can be gently removed from the plant and placed on moist soil until new roots and leaves develop.

Symbolic Meaning: In some cultures, the Jade Plant is considered a symbol of good luck, wealth, and prosperity. It is often given as a gift for housewarming, business openings, and other special occasions. The belief is that the plant brings positive energy and financial fortune to its owner.

Care and Maintenance: Jade Plants are relatively low-maintenance houseplants. They require minimal pruning, mainly to shape the plant or remove any dead or damaged leaves. Fertilize the Jade Plant sparingly during the growing season, using a balanced houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength.

Here are some common types of jade plants:

Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’: This variety has vibrant, sunset-colored leaves that range from yellow and orange to red. The foliage may develop a hint of pink or purple in bright light. It is a popular choice for its striking foliage coloration.

Crassula ovata ‘Gollum’: ‘Gollum’ is characterized by its tubular, finger-like leaves with reddish tips. The unique leaf shape has a distinct flared appearance and is often described as “fingertips” or “gollum ears.” It is an interesting and visually distinctive cultivar.

Crassula ovata ‘Hobbit’: Similar to ‘Gollum’, ‘Hobbit’ also features tubular leaves, but they are shorter and more compact. The leaves have a tubular shape with curved ends, resembling the feet of hobbits, hence the name.

Crassula ovata ‘Variegata’: ‘Variegata’ is a variegated variety with leaves that display a combination of green and creamy-white colors. The variegation can vary from fine speckles to broader patterns, adding visual interest to the plant.

Crassula ovata ‘Blue Bird’:
This cultivar is known for its bluish-green foliage. The leaves have a waxy texture and a powdery coating, giving them a distinctive blue hue. It is a captivating variety for its unique leaf coloration.

Crassula ovata ‘Giant Jade’:
As the name suggests, this variety is larger in size compared to the typical jade plant. It has broader, elongated leaves and a more substantial growth habit, making it a statement plant.


Botanical Name Crassula ovate
Family Crassulaceae
Genus Crassula
Species ovata
Types Crassula ovata 'Hummel's Sunset, Crassula ovata 'Gollum', Crassula ovata 'Hobbit', Crassula ovata 'Variegata', Crassula ovata 'Blue Bird', Crassula ovata 'Giant Jade'

Planting Guide


Flower Color: Pink, White
Flower Inflorescence: Cyme
Flower Value To Gardener: Showy
Flower Shape: Star
Flower Petals: 4-5 petals/rays, Colored Sepals


Fruit Color: Insignificant
Fruit Type: Capsule
Fruit Description: Pollinated flowers produce a small capsule filled with seed.


Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen
Leaf Color: Green, Red/Burgundy
Leaf Feel: Fleshy, Glossy
Leaf Value To Gardener: Long-lasting, Showy
Leaf Type: Simple
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Leaf Shape: Cuneate, Obovate, Obtuse, Orbicular
Leaf Margin: Entire
Hairs Present: No

Collect Seeds

Open the ripe fruit capsules carefully to access the seeds. Inside, you will find small brown or black seeds. You can remove the seeds by gently tapping the fruit or using your fingers to separate them.


Wait until the fruit capsules have fully ripened and turned brown. At this point, they may split open, revealing the seeds inside. Harvest the ripe fruits by gently plucking or cutting them from the plant.

Soil Texture Loam (Silt)
Soil Drainage Good Drainage, Occasionally Dry, Very Dry
Soil Chemistry

pH of between 6 and 6.5


Germination 2-3 weeks the cuttings to start forming roots.
Bloom ade Plants typically need to reach a certain level of maturity before they are capable of flowering. It may take several years for a Jade Plant to reach this stage. The exact timing can vary depending on the growing conditions, care.

Temperature (Climate)
Temperature 65ºF and 75ºF
Light Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) and Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
Health Benefits

Indoor plants like the jade plant can contribute to a healthier environment and indirectly impact well-being. Here are some potential indirect health benefits of having a jade plant:

Indoor Air Quality: Like many other houseplants, jade plants have the ability to improve indoor air quality. They naturally help remove certain indoor air pollutants, such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde, and benzene, through their leaf surfaces. This can contribute to a healthier indoor environment and potentially reduce the risk of respiratory issues and allergies.

Stress Reduction: Having plants indoors, including jade plants, can create a calming and soothing environment. Research suggests that being around nature-like elements can help reduce stress, lower blood pressure, and improve mood. The presence of a jade plant can contribute to a sense of tranquility and well-being.

Aesthetics and Biophilic Benefits:
The beauty and lush appearance of jade plants can enhance the aesthetics of indoor spaces. Studies have shown that exposure to natural elements, such as plants, can have positive psychological effects and improve productivity, focus, and creativity. Incorporating a jade plant into your living or working environment can create a visually pleasing and inviting atmosphere.

Mindfulness and Connection with Nature: Taking care of a jade plant or any houseplant can promote a sense of mindfulness and connection with nature. Engaging in activities like watering, pruning, and tending to the plant can provide a therapeutic experience and contribute to a sense of well-being.