How to Plant, Grow and Care of Chia Plant

Growing a chia plant is a straightforward and fun process. Chia (Salvia hispanica) is a member of the mint family and is known for its edible seeds which are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and other nutrients. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to plant and grow a chia plant:


chia plant flowers
chia plant flowers

Materials Needed:

  1. Chia seeds
  2. Pot or planting tray
  3. Potting mix or soil
  4. Watering can or spray bottle
  5. Sunlight or grow lights
  6. Saucer or tray to catch water


Select a Container: Choose a pot or planting tray with good drainage holes. Chia plants don’t have deep roots, so a shallow container works well.

Prepare the Soil: Use a well-draining potting mix or soil. Chia plants prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil. You can mix in some compost for added nutrients.

Plant the Seeds: Sprinkle chia seeds evenly over the soil surface. Press them gently into the soil, but don’t bury them too deep—about 1/8 inch (3 mm) is sufficient.

Watering: Moisten the soil with a watering can or spray bottle. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water whenever the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil feels dry.

Provide Light: Chia plants require plenty of sunlight to grow. Place the container in a sunny location or use grow lights if you’re growing them indoors. Chia plants can tolerate partial shade but thrive in full sunlight.

Germination: Chia seeds typically germinate within a week. You’ll start to see tiny sprouts emerging from the soil. Once the seedlings have developed a couple of leaves, you can thin them out if needed, leaving the stronger seedlings spaced about 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) apart.

Care and Maintenance: Continue to water your chia plant regularly, and ensure it receives adequate sunlight. Chia plants don’t require much fertilizer, but you can use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer diluted to half strength once a month during the growing season.

Harvesting: Chia plants mature in about 7-10 weeks. The seeds can be harvested once the flower spikes have dried and turned brown. Cut the flower spikes and place them in paper bag. Shake the bag to release the seeds. Store the seeds in a cool and dry place.


chia seed
chia seed



Caring for a chia plant involves providing the right conditions for growth, including proper watering, sunlight, and occasional feeding. Here’s a guide on how to care for your chia plant:


  • Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. Chia plants prefer well-draining soil.
  • Water when the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil feels dry to the touch.
  • Use a watering can or spray bottle to avoid disturbing the seeds or seedlings.


  • Chia plants thrive in full sunlight. Place your plant in a sunny location, either outdoors or near a sunny window if grown indoors.
    If you’re growing chia indoors, consider using grow lights to supplement natural sunlight.
  • Chia plants prefer moderate temperatures. They can tolerate some fluctuations, but avoid extreme heat or cold.
    If you’re growing chia outdoors, plant them after the last frost in spring.
  • Use well-draining potting mix or soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH.
  • Chia plants are not particularly picky about soil, but a good quality potting mix with added organic matter can promote healthy growth.

Chia plants don’t require heavy feeding. A balanced, water-soluble fertilizer can be applied at half-strength once a month during the growing season (spring and summer).
If you’ve enriched the soil with compost during planting, additional fertilization may not be necessary.

  • Chia plants generally don’t require extensive pruning. However, you can trim back any leggy or overgrown stems to encourage bushier growth.
  • Remove spent flower spikes after harvesting seeds to encourage the production of new flowers.
Pests and Diseases
  • Chia plants are relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, keep an eye out for common garden pests like aphids or spider mites.
  • If you notice any issues, treat them promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil, following the instructions on the product.
Harvesting Seeds
  • Harvest chia seeds once the flower spikes have dried and turned brown. Cut the spikes and place them in a paper bag to collect the seeds.
  • Allow the seeds to finish drying in the bag before storing them in a cool, dry place.
Indoor vs. Outdoor Care
  • If growing chia indoors, ensure good air circulation to prevent issues like mildew.
  • Outdoors, chia plants can be grown as ground cover or in containers.
Container Care
  • If growing in a container, ensure it has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.
  • Repot the chia plant if it outgrows its container or the soil becomes depleted of nutrients.